Render\Undo Cesare


When the Duke [Cesare Borgia] had taken Romagna he found it had been governed by weak rulers, who had rather preyed on their subjects than governed them, giving them more motive for disunion than union, so much so that the province was rife with … all kinds of lawlessness. To make it peaceful and obedient to his rule, he appointed Messer Remiro d’Orco, a cruel and energetic man, as governor, giving him full powers.  This official, to his own great renown, soon made the province peaceful and united.

Then the Duke, judging that such excessive authority was no longer needed as he feared that it might become odious, set up a civil court of justice in the middle of the province with an excellent president and a representative from each city.  And being aware that the recent harshness [of d’Orco] had aroused some hatred against him [Borgia], and wishing to purge the minds of the people and win them over to him without reserve, he decided to make it apparent that if there had been any cruelty it was not his responsibility but had resulted from the harsh temperament of his minister.  And taking advantage of the occasion he had this official cut in two pieces one morning and exposed on the piazza of Cesena with a piece of wood and a bloody knife by his side. This ferocious spectacle left the people at once content and horrified.

Il Principe, Capitolo VII



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